In the beginning of the 1st millennium B.C. in the south-eastern parts of the Armenian plateau started the formation of Urartu – one of the strongest kingdoms of its time. In 782 B.C. on the hills of modern Yerevan king Argishti founded one of the strongholds of the Urartian kingdom the city of Erebuni. During the excavations of 1950’s a stone with cuneiform inscription of this fact was unearthed and that stone is considered to be the “Birth certificate” of Yerevan.